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    人教版八年级下册英语Units (1-2) 基础知识专练

    作者:未知     来源:学苑新报    2015-03-24

      词汇专练
     
      I. 根据句意及汉语提示写出正确的单词。
     
      1. If you have a _________ (牙疼), you should see the dentist.
     
      2. Tom is ____________ (聪明的) enough to solve the problem.
     
      3. How many _________ (脚) does the animal have?
     
      4. Students were ______________ (兴奋的) about our football game.
     
      5. After finishing the work, I had a good ________ (休息)。
     
      6. We shouldnt laugh at the blind and the _________ (聋的)。
     
      7. My sister wants to be a ________ (护士) when she grows up.
     
      8. There is a new __________ (通知) on the wall.
     
      9. They spent ___________ (几个) hours cleaning the park.
     
      10. No one can ____________ (想象) what the world will be like in 100 years.
     
      II. 根据句意及首字母提示补全下列单词。
     
      1. -You look very tired. Whats the m                with you?
     
      -My sister was sick and I looked after her last night.
     
      2. I hope my parents can u                 me and agree with me.
     
      3. I have lots of d                   in English. Can you help me?
     
      4. The box is too heavy for the boy to c                .
     
      5. My computer doesnt work. Can you help me r                it?
     
      6. The old man lives alone in the countryside, but he doesnt feel l               .
     
      7. When the bus got to the last stop, all the p           got off.
     
      8. He is not s              enough to climb the hill.
     
      9. Drinking much water is good for your t              .
     
      10. More and more people know the i                of health.
     
      III. 根据句意及所给提示,补全单词或用单词、固定短
     
      语、固定搭配的适当形式填空。
     
      1. His fathers d                made him sad.
     
      2. Do you know the __________ (own) of the iPhone 6?
     
      3. Please close the d                when you leave the classroom.
     
      4. Because of your __________ (kind), these children have good education.
     
      5. Now micro blogs (微博) are more popular than ___________ (信)。
     
      6. Please o                 the book at page 15 and read the story on it.
     
      7. He is a ______________ (残疾的) man, but he is a famous scientist.
     
      8. No one can ______________ (改变) his idea.
     
      9. The book ____________________ (影响) to Jim. He started to help others.
     
      10. Dont eat too much ice cream, or you will ______________________ (肚子疼)。
     
      IV. 根据句意,用所给单词或短语的适当形式填空(每词或短语只限使用一次)。
     
      train    knife     cough     decide     feel
     
      hurt    give up    care for
     
      1. They make a ___________ to study hard next year.
     
      2. I buy two ____________. One is to cut fruits and the other is to cut the vegetables.
     
      3. Leaving school for him means ______________ his dream.
     
      4. Bad luck!I ______________ myself in the football game yesterday.
     
      5. Through many years of ____________, he became a famous singer.
     
      6. Dont worry. Mary can _______________ herself.
     
      7. Tom didnt have a good sleep because he ______ a lot last night.
     
      8. Sometimes we may have different _____________ about the same thing.
     
      V. 根据句意及汉语提示用适当的短语完成句子。
     
      1. You __________ (患感冒)。 You should __________ (躺下) and rest.
     
      2. Tom _________________ (发烧) and the doctor is __________________ (量体温) now.
     
      3. ____________________ (令我们吃惊的是), Liu Ying didnt come to school on time.
     
      4. How did you ____________________ (从……出来) the room?
     
      5. Im sorry I make you ______________ (陷入困境)。
     
      6. ______________ (多亏) your bike, I wasnt late for school.
     
      7. When did the candle _______________ (用完)?
     
      8. Shall we ____________ (打扫) the park tomorrow?
     
      9. The football club _______________ (创建) in the 1990s.
     
      10. The star _______________ (捐赠) all his money to the old peoples home before he died.
     
      句型专练
     
      I. 根据汉语意思完成下列句子,每空一词。
     
      1. 当我经过公园的时候,看到很多老人正在跳舞。
     
      When I walked past the park, I _________ many old people __________ there.
     
      2. 我们老师告诉我们上学不要迟到。
     
      Our teachers tell us _________ ________ ________ late for school.
     
      3. 她父亲过去??瞪习?,但现在他习惯步行上班。
     
      His father ________ ________ ________ a car to work. But he _______ ________ ________ _______ to work now.
     
      4. 尽管他只有20岁,但是他管理着几家超市。
     
      Although he is only 20, he is _________ ________ _________ several supermarkets.
     
      5. 孙杨每天都坚持游泳。
     
      Sun Yang __________ __________ ________ every day.
     
      6. 他是如此地累,以至于不能继续走了。
     
      He was __________ tired __________ he couldnt go on walking.
     
      7. 我们能做我们喜欢的事情,并且同时能帮助别人。
     
      We can do ___________ ___________ __________ _________ __________ and help others _________ _________ __________ __________.
     
      8. 太晚了,你必须停止工作。
     
      Its too late. You must __________ __________.
     
      II. 将下列句子改为同义句,每空一词。
     
      1. Liu Fang looks like her mother.
     
      Liu Fang __________ __________ her mother.
     
      2. She ran out of all her money.
     
      All her money ___________ __________.
     
      3. Lin Shuhao started playing basketball when he was six years old.
     
      Lin Shuhao started playing basketball __________ __________ __________ __________ _________.
     
      4. They are handing out the food to the children.
     
      They are ___________ __________ the food to the children.
     
      5. Her father had a backache.
     
      Her father ________ ________ ________ ________.
     
      6. Can you think up a good idea?
     
      Can you __________ __________ __________ a good idea?
     
      III. 连词成句
     
      1. you, helping, clean, me, thank, the, for, house
     
      ___________________________________________.
     
      2. you, could, you, helps, how, he, us, show
     
      ___________________________________________?
     
      3. was, bikes, to, ride, at, he, age, able, five
     
      ___________________________________________.
     
      4. tomorrow, put, dont, todays,  off, till, work
     
      ___________________________________________.
     
      5. to, did, you, difference, spirit, his, a, make
     
      ___________________________________________?
     
      6. the, your, whats, father, matter, with
     
      ___________________________________________?
     
      语法专练
     
      I. 用所给单词的正确形式填空。
     
      1. -Who teaches you to dance?
     
      -Nobody. I teach ___________ (I)。
     
      2. We should ____________ (drink) more water when we have a cold.
     
      3. Do you agree ___________ (take) a trip with us?
     
      4. They are poor and they have little food _________ (eat)
     
      5. Let me _______________ (carry) the big box to the room.
     
      6. He finds it very hard ____________ (travel) around the city because he does not know the way.
     
      7. He made a decision ______________ (run) every morning.
     
      8. We often help the old men ___________ (clean)
     
      their rooms.
     
      9. Dont play with the knife, Tom. You may cut
     
      __________ (you)。
     
      10. The exam ________ (it) is not hard. But you need to be careful.
     
      II. 按要求进行句型转换,每空一词。
     
      1. Tom went to Beijing and visited his grandparents.
     
     ?。ǜ奈寰洌?/span>
     
      Tom went to Beijing __________ __________ his grandparents.
     
      2. Liu Ming teaches himself English. (改为同义句)
     
      Liu Ming _________ English _________ _________.
     
      3. Can you tell me when we will have a meeting?
     
     ?。ǜ奈寰洌?/span>
     
      Can you tell me _________ _________ ________ a meeting?
     
      4. You should get off at the next stop. (改为否定句)
     
      You _________ _________ off at the next stop.
     
      5. You should drink lots of water. (就划线部分提问)
     
      _________ _________ I __________?
     
      语篇专练
     
      A
     
      根据短文内容及所给提示,补全文中单词或用单词、固定短语、固定搭配的正确形式填空。
     
      An old woman 1.____________(看医生) on a cold morning. She told the doctor her right leg 2. h         , and sometimes she could not walk. She said she never had such 3. ____________ (feel) before.
     
      The doctor looked her over carefully and then he said, “There is nothing serious with your right leg. I think your 4. ___________ (苦恼) is that youre old.”
     
      “I dont think so,” she said, “My left leg is all right, and its the same 5. ___________ (年龄) as my right one.”
     
      B
     
      根据短文内容,用所给单词或短语的适当形式填空(每词或短语只限使用一次)。
     
      off  they   lonely  repair   cheer up
     
      Last weekend, we took a bus to an old peoples home. After we got 1. ______________ the bus, we began to help them clean up the rooms. Several students 2. ____________ their chairs and beds, and others sang and danced to 3. ___________ them _______. At noon, we had to leave the old peoples home. Although we felt very tired, we were very happy. The old men often felt 4. ___________ and couldnt look after 5. _____________ well. So we decided to go there twice a month.
     
      参考答案
     
      词汇专练
     
      I. 1. toothache  2. clever / smart  3. feet
     
      4. excited   5. rest   6. deaf   7. nurse
     
      8. notice    9. several    10. imagine
     
      II. 1. matter 2. understand 3. difficulties
     
      4. carry 5. repair 6. lonely 7. passengers
     
      8. strong   9. throat    10. importance
     
      III. 1. death 2. owner 3. door 4. kindness
     
      5. letters     6. open       7. disabled
     
      8. change   9. made a difference
     
      10. have a stomachache
     
      IV. 1. decision 2. knives   3. giving up
     
      4. hurt 5. training  6. care for
     
      7. coughed 8. feelings
     
      V. 1. have a cold; lie down
     
      2. has a fever; taking his temperature
     
      3. To our surprise    4. get out of
     
      5. get into trouble    6. Thanks to
     
      7. run out 8. clean up
     
      9. set up 10. gave away
     
      句型专练
     
      I. 1. saw; dancing 2. not to be
     
      3. used to drive; is used to walking
     
      4. in control of
     
      5. keeps on swimming
     
      6. so; that
     
      7. what we love to do; at the same time
     
      8. stop working
     
      II. 1. takes after          2. ran out
     
      3. at the age of six  4. giving out
     
      5. had a sore back  6. come up with
     
      III. 1. Thank you for helping me clean
     
      the house.
     
      2. Could you show us how he helps you?
     
      3. He was able to ride bikes at age five.
     
      4. Dont put off todays work till
     
      tomorrow.
     
      5. Did his spirit make a difference to
     
      you?
     
      6. Whats the matter your father?
     
      语法专练
     
      I. 1. myself  2. drink 3. to take 4. to eat 5. carry    6. to travel     7. to run
     
      8. (to) clean   9. yourself   10. itself
     
      II. 1. to visit     2. learns; by himself
     
      3. when to have    4. shouldnt get
     
      5. What should; do
     
      A 1. went to a doctor 2. hurt 3. feeling
     
      4. trouble     5. age
     
      B 1. off      2. repaired     3. cheer; up
     
      4. lonely 5. themselves
     

     

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