Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission(录取) to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.
In 1849, after graduating from medical school, she decided to have further education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医师), but a serious eye problem made her give up the idea.
Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, opened a new hospital, the first for women and children. Besides being the first woman physician and founding(创建) her own hospital, she also opened the first medical school for women.
( )21. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
A. Because she couldn’t get admission to medical schools.
B. Because she decided to continue her education in Paris.
C. Because a serious eye problem stopped her.
D. Because it was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States.
( )22. How many years passed between Elizabeth’s graduating from medical school and the opening of her hospital?
A. Eight years. B. Ten years.
C. Nineteen years. D. Thirty-six years.
( )23. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blackwell EXCEPT that she ______.
A. became the first woman physician
B. was the first woman doctor
C. founded the first hospital for women and children
D. opened the first medical school for women
( )24. Elizabeth Blackwell spent most of her life in _______.
A. England B. Paris
C. the United States D. New York City
An earthquake happens when two plates run into each other. The earth plates travel in different directions and at different speeds. Earthquakes are the shaking of the earth’s surface caused by the earth’s rocky outer layer(层) because of the energy stored within the earth.
The damage an earthquake causes depends on(取决于) where it is and the time it is happening. If an area with a very small population is hit, there will be low loss of lives or buildings. If it hits a large city, there may be many injuries and much damage. Many of the areas which have the chance of earthquakes have a large population now. Great earthquakes hitting those areas today could cause terrible damage.
Actually, there are several million small earthquakes every year. Large earthquakes such as the 1964 Alaskan quake caused millions of dollars in damage. In the last 500 years, millions of people have been killed by earthquakes around the world — including 240,000 in the 1976 Tangshan earthquake in China.
A one-minute or less earthquake can cause damage that continues for years after the first tremor(小震). In 1972, great earthquakes hit Managua, Nicaragua again and again. Fifteen years later, the city still looked the same as it was hit by the earthquake a week later, because the country did not have enough money to rebuild it.
The shaking of the earth is sometimes not the greatest disaster. The ensuing fires and floods often cause the greatest damage. In the 1906 earthquake, the fires after it caused the greatest damage. An earthquake can also destroy dams high above a city or valleys, causing floods to destroy everything in their path.
( )25. Which of the following is the main idea of the first paragraph?
A. An earthquake comes from inside the earth.
B. The earth has great energy.
C. How the earth plates move.
D. How an earthquake happens.
( )26. Which of the following is mentioned to show that
an earthquake can kill too many people?
A. The 1964 Alaskan quake.
B. The 1976 Tangshan earthquake.
C. The 1972 Managua earthquake.
D. The 1906 earthquake.
( )27. By giving the example in Paragraph 4, the writer
wants to show that ______.
A. an earthquake doesn’t last long
B. the damage can last long
C. people in Managua suffered too much
D. Nicaragua is still a poor country
( )28. The underlined word "ensuing" in the last
paragraph probably means ______.
A. causing too much heat and great damage
B. causing many injuries and much damage
C. happening because of another event
D. happening suddenly and lasting for a long time
There is a problem each of us faces in taking advice on keeping a good relationship: apologizing(道歉) is difficult. We are trapped in our pride. We are not willing (愿意的) to recognize our mistakes. Pride eats away at us as we ignore the mistakes.
It’s happened to me. I have had too much pride and selfishness to apologize to a loved one I hurt. When I did want to apologize, I couldn’t bring myself to face the other person. This is the pride I’m talking about. Maybe apologies come more difficult for men because they’re expected to be strong in mind. It’s like the joke that a man never asks for directions when lost. Ladies are more open-minded than men and are willing to express it. Still, both men and women want to know how to apologize.
What does not apologizing mean to other people? They feel hurt that you are not willing to face your mistakes. They lose trust in you as you hide behind your mistakes. They become angry with you, not knowing why you do not tell them the truth. They may begin to think little of your friendship and from this the friendship goes downhill as the two of you get caught in a power struggle (斗争).
You need to face your mistakes. A mistake you made is like a cut and by not apologizing you are making the cut a deeper one and putting salt into it. You need to stop hurting the other person and yourself by learning to apologize. There is real power in apologizing and keeping a good relationship.
( )29. Why is it more difficult for men to make apologies?
A. Because they don’t plan to hurt other people.
B. Because they expect others to accept their mistakes.
C. Because they don’t want to be considered weak.
D. Because they aren’t good at expressing themselves.
( )30. What bad influence will there be if you don’t apologize for your mistakes?
A. Other people won’t pay attention to you.
B. You will make no friends with others.
C. You won’t get along well with your friends if you tell the truth.
D. The friendship will get hurt and go worse.
( )31. From the last paragraph, it can be inferred that______.
A. communication can stop you making mistakes
B. mistakes would turn into deeper hurt
C. apologizing is good for you and other people
D. apologizing is the most useful way to express yourself
Has the number of arts classes at your school been cut? Did your school cut next year’s play? Have music classes been reduced(减少)? When there is not enough money for a school, the arts always seem to be the first classes that are cut. Classes in painting, dances, and music — as well as after-school arts activities — are often the first to go.
Some people believe that money spent on arts should be cut. They say that schools are measured(衡量) by test scores, not by a successful arts show. So why shouldn’t schools cut arts classes when money is tight?
According to the National Governors’ Association (NGA), there are many reasons to keep the arts in schools. Students learning the arts have higher academic achievements(学术成就) and are better at planning and working toward their dreams. Students who study the arts are four times more likely (可能的) to get academic prizes or win a writing prize, four times more likely to take part in a math or science test, and more likely to score higher in creative thinking.
In their report "The Influence of Arts Education on Workforce Preparation", the governors also notice that students in schools with more arts classes do much better in their studies. There are fewer students who are away from school without good reasons and fewer students who leave school before they have finished their studies.
So, should we cut the arts classes because of the money problem?
( )32. The first paragraph is written to ______.
A. tell us the writer’s opinion
B. introduce the following topic (话题)
C. show the importance of arts
D. ask readers some questions about the arts
( )33. What does the underlined part "money is tight" in Paragraph 2 mean?
A. A lot of money is lost.
B. It’s hard to make money.
C. Money is not spent wisely.
D. There is not enough money.
( )34. According to the NGA, ______.
A. the arts help students get higher scores in math
B. students learning the arts are often away from school
C. the arts help improve students’ creativity
D. students learning the arts do badly in studies
( )35. We can infer from the passage that the writer ______.
A. agrees with cutting arts classes
B. shows special concern to the arts
C. thinks schools should spend more money on the arts
D. thinks test scores are more important than arts shows
I have enjoyed the kindness of strangers in Pittsburgh since moving here nearly eight years ago, but now I have one to share.
I started one recent morning with my 41 to get a few groceries(杂货). I didn’t have a long list, but I should have known it might not be a(n) 42 trip. I
forgot the bags I 43 bring which was used to 44 my own groceries, and on the way to the car, I 45 some coins in the snow-covered grass.
We finally made it, got our groceries, and 46 patiently in a checkout line behind a 47 . I put all my groceries onto the conveyor belt (传送带). It was a busy 48 there, and the next person put a lot of 49 on the back of the belt behind me. I 50 then that my wallet was in my other coat pocket back at home and I was trapped in no way to 51 , and no way to get out of the line 52 .
I told my daughter at that moment, "Daddy is 53 !" She was kind enough to say, "No, you’re not; you’re my daddy!"
The woman in front 54 this and asked, "How much do you need? It does not look like much, and I have some money." I told her I had no way to 55 the money and that I wanted to buy them the next time, but she 56 me into accepting her money. I couldn’t 57 her enough. She 58 said, "It’s no problem; just pay it forward."
Stories about the kindness of 59 may be common(普通的) and frequent, 60 now I want to say thank you to the woman again. And I will pay it forward when I next get the chance.
( )41. A. son B. daughter C. dad D. mom
( )42. A. tiring B. long
C. simple D. interesting
( )43. A. usually B. early
C. carefully D. gladly
( )44. A. sell B. make C. cover D. take
( )45. A. chose B. forgot
C. dropped D. brought
( )46. A. waited B. explained
C. judged D. requested
( )47. A. man B. woman
C. child D. student
( )48. A. night B. evening
C. afternoon D. morning
( )49. A. groceries B. bags
C. coins D. coats
( )50. A. determined B. realized
C. thought D. guessed
( )51. A. cry B. stop
C. stand D. pay
( )52. A. luckily B. patiently
C. easily D. quietly
( )53. A. stupid B. strange
C. poor D. busy
( )54. A. talked B. noticed
C. ignored D. hated
( )55. A. spend B. save
C. leave D. return
( )56. A. persuaded B. laughed
C. called D. planned
( )57. A. protect B. miss
C. give D. thank
( )58. A. freely B. sadly
C. simply D. excitedly
( )59. A. friends B. families
C. strangers D. neighbors
( )60. A. and B. but
C. until D. for
Jack: Morning, Lucy. 61 was your holiday?
Lucy: Thanks. It was 62 (real) wonderful. Some friends went with us and we had 63 great time.
Jack: Where did you stay? In a hotel?
Lucy: No. We camped in the mountains. We cooked all by 64 over an open fire.
Jack: 65 sounds great. How about the weather?
Lucy: The sun 66 (shine) every day.
Jack: Did you like the people there?
Lucy: Yeah, they were very friendly. We met a number of farmers 67 expressed their warm welcome to us. They told us some stories about their past which were full of 68 (suffer).
Jack: When did you get back? Last night?
Lucy: No, we came back this morning. We got up at 4:00, left at 4:30 and arrived here at 8:30. I’m so 69 (tire) now. What about you? Did you enjoy your weekend?
Jack: Yes, 70 I just stayed at home. The weather is terrible these days.
61. __________________ 62. __________________
63. __________________64. __________________
65. __________________ 66. __________________
67. __________________ 68. __________________
69. __________________ 70. __________________
Last Sunday, my classmates and I go to the West Mountain for a picnic. Early on the morning all of us met at the gate of our school. We started at seven as planned and it rained a little. A hour later we reached the foot of the mountain. It stopped to raining and we began to climb. Soon we reached the top of the mountain. What beautiful village they were when we looked them from the top. We sang, jumped, played chess, and took pictures. How happily we were! After lunch we went up the mountain. We got home at four, and all of us felt very tiring.
假设你是校英语报的小记者李华，请根据表格中的内容写一篇题为“A big earthquake”的英语短文。
注意： 1. 词数100左右；
A big earthquake